Escription of Rugiloricus manuelae sp. nov., (Loricifera, Pliciloricidae)Fernando Pardos ?Reinhardt

nov., (Loricifera, Pliciloricidae)Fernando Pardos ?Reinhardt M jerg KristensenReceived: 27 November 2012 / Revised: 31 January 2013 / Accepted: 9 Irs of subdorsal and laterodorsal sensory spots flanked by twoTable five Measurements February 2013 / Published on the internet: 13 March 2013 ?Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and AWIAbstract Sediment samples had been taken along the Cantabric platform (Northern Spain) from 200 to 600 meters depth in October 1990. manuelae sp. nov., was investigated with both light (DIC) and electron microscopy (SEM). Total descriptions of each adult and larval stages are supplied, such as mapping of the introvert scalids for each stages. Details from a molting stage with an adult male inside confirms conspecificity of larvae and adults. The presence of a hugely reduced postlarval PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28549975 stage leaded to the suggestion of a brand new modified life cycle for the family members Pliciloricidae. Keywords Loricifera ?Meiofauna ?Cantabric Sea ?Postlarva ?Life cycleIntroduction Loricifera is a phylum of exclusively marine meiofaunal animals as much as 1,000 lm in length, even though the majority of the known species don't exceed 300 lm. They have been located typically living in coarse sediments and subtidally, from somewhat shallow waters (Higgins and KristensenCommunicated by H.-D. Franke. F. Pardos ( ) ???Departamento de Zoologia y Antropologia Fisica, ?Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain e-mail: [email protected] R. M. Kristensen Zoological Museum. Organic History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark1986; Todaro and Kristensen 1998; Kristensen and Gad 2004) for the deep sea (e.g., Kristensen and Shirayama 1988; Gad 2005c, 2009). Recently, loriciferans have been reported living permanently in extreme environments, which include a hypersaline, anoxic basin of your Mediterranean Sea (Danovaro et al. 2010, 2012). The phylogenetic position of Loricifera remains still controversial (for evaluation, see S ensen et al. 2008). The phylum Loricifera (Kristensen 1983) is one of the most current described phyla of the twentieth century. Given that its discovery, 32 species have already been described (Higgins and Kristensen 1986; Kristensen and Shirayama 1988; Todaro and Kristensen 1998, Gad 2004, 2005b, c; Kristensen and ?Gad 2004; Gad and Martinez Arbizu 2005; E spines, gco1 glandular cell outlet form 1, ps perforation web pages, te Heiner and Kristensen 2005, 2009; Heiner and Neuhaus 2007; Kristensen et al. 2007, 2013; Heiner 2008), although about 80 more are identified and awaiting description (Gad 2005a; Bang-Berthelsen 2008). The described species are grouped into three households, Nanaloricidae Kristensen, 1983, Pliciloricidae Higgins and Kristensen, 1986 and Urnaloricidae Heiner and Kristensen, 2009. As much as now, Nanaloricidae comprise six genera, Nanaloricus Kristensen, 1983; Armorloricus Kristensen and Gad, 2004; Phoeniciloricus Gad, 2004; Spinoloricus Heiner and Neuhaus, 2007; PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26795252 Culexiregiloricus Gad, 2009; and Australoricus Heiner et al., 2009. The loved ones Pliciloricidae comprises 3 genera, Pliciloricus Higgins Kristensen, 1986, Rugiloricus Higgins Kristensen, 1986 and Titaniloricus Gad, 2005, with twelve, six and 1 species, respectively. The family members Urnaloricidae presently features a single genus, Urnaloricus Heiner and Kristensen, 2009. The 3 initial described species of Rugiloricus, R. carolinensis, R. cauliculus and R. ornatus have been reported from Southeastern United states of america coastal waters (Higgins and K.Escription of Rugiloricus manuelae sp. nov., (Loricifera, Pliciloricidae)Fernando Pardos ?Reinhardt M jerg KristensenReceived: 27 November 2012 / Revised: 31 January 2013 / Accepted: 9 February 2013 / Published on the web: 13 March 2013 ?Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and AWIAbstract Sediment samples had been taken along the Cantabric platform (Northern Spain) from 200 to 600 meters depth in October 1990.

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